BMGT Chapter Review

BMGT Chapter Review - There are four theoretical frameworks...

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There are four theoretical frameworks used by OB theorists for the study of human behavior: Managerialist perspective: stable, agreement, cooperation, commitment and performance issues. Symbolic interactionist: dynamic, work teams, sense making, communication. Critical perspective: unstable, conflict, change, power, control and employee ownership. Feminist perspective: critical analysis of society and inequality Taylorism: workers are motivated only by money and are too stupid to develop the most efficient way of performing a task. Management scientifically analyzes tasks and designs jobs to be as efficient as possible with minimal worker autonomy. Fordism: applied Taylor’s principles in car factories while using the standardization of commodities to gain economies of scale. Identity is the link between inner and outer self. Identity is linked to culture because individuals are socialized into a culture. Personality is the distinctive pattern of thinking, feeling and action that characterizes a person’s response to their environment. Contains four theories. Trait theory: personal characteristics. Allport- distinguished central from secondary traits and used factor analysis to find traits linked to specific behavior (introvert or extrovert). Cattell- 16 personality questionnaire. Eysenck- 3 factor model of personality consisting of instability/stability, introvert/extrovert. Big Five- personality revolves around openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism (OCEAN). Psychodynamic theory: Freud- personality goes through phases expressed as id, ego and superego. Anxiety is the conflict of the id and superego and creates defense mechanisms. Sociocultural theories: personality in social experiences. Contains three approaches- social cognitive, phenomenological and socially constructed. Social cognitive: learn to achieve personality development. Rotter- value placed on outcomes. Bandura- both personality and environment determine the development of a personality.
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Phenomenological: focuses on the interpretative aspects of a person’s experiences. Maslow- motivation is based on a hierarchy of needs. Roger- development of self actualization. Socially constructed: personalities come from the environment. Theory of a symbolic interactionist. Perception: is selective, subjective, and automatic; based off sensory stimuli. Either top down or bottom up. Top down- meaning based on existing information. Bottom up- meaning based on no previous information and led by sensory data. Schema: mental models that allow us to quickly interpret the world caused by external cues. Develop over time and are resilient. Perception adjusts to fit schema. Can be either top down or bottom up. Perceived self efficacy: belief in the capabilities to realize a goal.
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BMGT Chapter Review - There are four theoretical frameworks...

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