Intro to International Relations

Intro to International Relations - Introduction to...

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Introduction to International Relations States: What happens when interests conflict? What do states want? o Border rules: how tight? When can they be violated/invaded? o Independent and equal in legal obligations o No overarching government over states, but groups that create and enforce rules (WTO) Semblance of order? Why not take over? o Strong impose order on weak o Respect of laws o Likes existence of others- positive interactions o What is effect of living in anarchy? How does this change behavior? Rwanda Civil war reaches stalemate by 1993; UN tries to help relations through ceasefire and power sharing peace arrangement Monitored compliance and elections through UNAMIR April 1994- genocide begins; gov in power doesn’t want power sharing or elections, so they choose to wipe out the rebels April-June 1994- 1 million killed Little industry/technology in country Genocide carried out by general population and led by police forces and government; very local political project Distinction of groups somewhat artificially created by colonial powers; Belgians instituted identity cards, labeling either Hutu or Tutsi; Identity becomes fixed in the state level and people are treated differently based on race within the state Identity: there is an inside and an outside; people identify with their state—and what else? States want to do things that are consistent with their identity—US has an identity of peace and democracy (kind of) Sovereignty is the set of legal institutions that allow self determination of states; this protects governments, allowing them to do what they want without outside interference o This helped the genocide take place more easily Idea of cosmopolitanism: there are moral obligations among people that cross borders. This may conflict identity and self determination, but it causes people to feel strongly that morals should come first Hutus and Tutsis were divided by a line of identity—a social difference, not biological. o Beliefs about an act are about yourself and others o Identity is created, not fixed Learning and acquisition, mixes with internal beliefs create identity
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Difference in groups is a recent creation by the government o Gov. makes identity politically salient Government decided that these differences were relevant to the way they govern (ie: living in a certain state is relevant, but being a soccer fan vs. a football fan doesn’t) o States can have identities US treats countries differently based on whether they are friend or enemy; this perpetuates the us vs. them mentality Principle of self-determination o Give two opposing groups their own space and national self- determination; this will lead to fewer wars o Self determination assumes that the individual group knows what they need more than their governing group; each country is moral embodiment of nation Institution of sovereignty o Countries exist to allow each nation to govern own affairs; as long as you
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course MGT 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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Intro to International Relations - Introduction to...

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