527 - 527'S During the 2004 presidential election, 527's-a...

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527’S During the 2004 presidential election, 527’s—a new interest group, became highly involved in the campaign They can take a stand on an issue but cannot directly contribute to candidates, not cant hey explicitly endorse candidates or ask voters to specifically vote against a candidate They are different from PAC’s because they can accept contributions of unlimited size Although they can’t endorse a candidate, they can indirectly criticize candidates they don’t like by emphasizing an issue that draws us out the different between those running for office American public suspicious of them Coalition Building Several organizations band together for the purpose of lobbying Such joint efforts conserve or make more effective use of the resources of groups with similar views Most coalitions are informal arrangements that exist only for the purpose of lobbying on a single issue Most often form among groups that work in the same policy area and have similar constituencies (environmental groups or feminist groups)’ When an issue arises that several such groups agree on, they are likely to develop a coalition they often extend beyond organizations with similar constituencies and similar outlooks some businesses support the same goals Incumbents congressional elections offer voters a chance to show their approval of Congress’s approval by reelecting these, or to demonstrate their disapproval by “throwing the rascals out” voters do more reelecting than rascal throwing reelection rate is astonishingly high: 90% have held onto their seats one reason Americans hold congress in disdain is that they regard it as overly influenced by interest groups Descriptive Representation A belief that constituents are most effectively represented by legislators who are similar to them in such key demographic characteristics as race, ethnicity, religion, or gender. Women and minorities have long been underrepresented in elective office, although both groups have recently increased their representation in Congress significantly During 1980s, congress and the supreme court provided support for the principle of descriptive represe4ntation for black and Hispanic Americans When congress amended the voting rights act in 1892, it encouraged the states to draw districts that concentrated minorities together so that black and Hispanic Americans would have a better chance of being elected to office. Veto
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When the President disapproves a bill and sends it back to Congress with his reasons for rejecting it The bill becomes a law only if congress overrides the president veto by 2/3s vote in each house.
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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527 - 527'S During the 2004 presidential election, 527's-a...

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