chinas politics

chinas politics - China's Reform Era I. Bold New Vision:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
China’s Reform Era I. Bold New Vision: “Socialist Modernization” -after the establishment of power, they had vision socialist modernization -turning point: **3 rd plemium in December 1978 -revolutionary socialism to modernization -eve of cultural revolution: China’s need to take forward modernization in defense, science, industry and agriculture -Deng’s rise made the implementation possible -Deng with his practice factions did not think just a mere change is enough -dramatic change “huan ze” -people refer to the two eras as after liberation, and after reform -pragmatism: guiding vision – “black cat, white cat” -color does not matter as long as a cat catches rats -“all I care is pragmatism – I don’t care about litmust test,” Deng -not like Hua -fundamental changes Shifting Emphasis -fouding moment for contemporary China 1. ideology material incentives -trying to get people to work harder -increasing productivity 2. class struggle social harmony -the main struggle of cultural revolution, especially about bourgeoisie -there is a social harmony to be promoted individuals might be criminals, but never about class -a danger from a class no longer exists -no criticism of people on the street more peaceful life 3. ends justify means rules and laws -achieving political goals whatever means necessary emphasis on procedural justifiability and commitment to rules around 1978 to 1979 -life in China fundamentally shifted -shortly after this, amounts to the 2 nd revolution II. Key Areas of Reforms A. Educational System Rebuilt -higher education (universities) had been shut down by CR -university campuses are where the revolution began -starting with the restoration of entrance exams (competitive) -shifting the focus from virtuocracy to meritocracy (no more litmus test) -very competitive -expansion of resources to be used in the classrooms -during Mao, foreign materials like physics were banned -during Deng, allowed B. Intellectuals’ Role Redefined 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
-target during the cultural revolution, anti-rightist labeled -Dent thought they were crucial for science and technology modernization -a movement similar to 100 flowers -in the past, we saw intellectuals as outsiders. Intellectuals are, however, workers, who work with brains -no need to be ostracized -no more taboos lifted from debates still within limit though -was afraid that one party system will be attacked -some talked about implementations. But not really about fundamental cores -top priority on economic modernization -clarity comes out from when Deng struggled with Hua and 2 whatevers factions shi dan interaction demanded democracy -Deng let this happen, thinking it would weaken his enemy – however when he was in power, he was more concerned about social order and challenges -came up with 4 upholds 4 fundamental principles (or “4 upholds”) 1. Socialist road 2. People’s democratic dictatorship 3. CCP leadership 4. Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought C. Legal System Reconsidered
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

Page1 / 8

chinas politics - China's Reform Era I. Bold New Vision:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online