Midterm2 Study Guides

Midterm2 Study Guides - WEEK 6 STUDY GUIDE Based on...

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WEEK 6 STUDY GUIDE Based on assigned readings and material covered in class this week, at the very least students should be able to: Explain the Process Model. Describe the major processes (i.e., “stages”) that comprise the process model of public policymaking (in order): problem identification, agenda setting, formulating policy, policy legitimization, policy  implementation, policy evaluation Problem Identification. Dye says: The power to decide what will be a policy issue is crucial to the policymaking process. Deciding what will be the problem is even more important than deciding what will be the solution. Explain why? Do policy issues just happen? -Deciding on what the problem is even more important than deciding the solution because there are  millions of problems, it is important to determine what the most important needs of society are so you  can address that problem (this can be very political) -policy issues do not just happen; must create issue, dramatize it, call attention to it, and pressure gov to  do something about it -actors: mass media, interest groups, policy-planning organizations, political candidates, public opinion  polls Agenda Setting. Understand the distinction between agenda setting from the bottom up and agenda setting from the top down . -bottom up issue arises from society and comes to the attention of those who can make change -top dow elites tell society what the important issues are i. What does the “democratic-pluralist” model assume? -assumes that in an open society, any problem can be identified by individuals or groups,  political candidates or leaders, political parties, mass media, or protest groups ii. What is the relationship between public opinion and agenda setting? -philosopher Burke believed that representatives should serve the interest of the people but not  necessarily conform to their will when creating policy; - others have based the success of an institution on whether it facilitates popular control -essentially, can go either way (arguably) iii. What about media effects? -mass media often confuses their own opinions with the public opinion, this can help mold the  public to conform to media’s beliefs iv. How does popular/public opinion correlate with public policy? -because media  help mold the public opinion, it is impossible to tell whether mass opinion  shaped policy or if policy shaped mass opinion  v. From a public policy perspective, what are the shortcomings associated with the media and public opinion polls. -
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Midterm2 Study Guides - WEEK 6 STUDY GUIDE Based on...

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