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Midterm Review - Political Science Review Chapter 8 Head of...

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Political Science Review Chapter 8 Head of state : The apolitical unifying role of the president as symbolic representative of the whole country. - Represents what is common and good in the nation - Most other nations separate the head of state role with the head of government role so that clearly acknowledged symbolic duties can be carried out without contamination by political considerations Ex: monarchy in Britian- Queen Elizabeth valued symbol of nationhood, prime minister deals with political business of governing Head of Government: the political role of the president as leader of a political party and chief arbiter of who gets what resources Chief Administrator : the president’s executive role as the head of federal agencies and the person responsible for the implementation of national policy Cabinet: A presidential advisory group selected by the president, made up of the vice president, the head of the federal executive department, and other high officials whom the president elects to give cabinet status - Constitution says, with approval of the majority of the senate, will appoint the heads of the departments who will oversee work of implementation Commander-in-chief: the president’s role as the top officer of the country’s military establishment - Congress has power to declare war but commander-in-chief has ability to wage war - These two powers mean to check each other, instead provide a battle ground on which congress and the president struggle to control military operations Chief Policy Maker: The president’s executive role as the primary shaper of relations with other nations - President also appoints ambassadors and receives ambassadors of other nations Treaties: formal agreements with other countries; negotiated by the president and requiring the approval by 2/3rds the senate - Role of president as chief policy maker not spelled out in the constitution, but is laid in the provisions that the present negotiates treaties Executive Agreement: A presidential arrangement with another county that creates foreign policy without the need for senate approval - President can get around senatorial check -Used for efficiency- if senate had to approve each agreement, it would ty up its schedule from more important issues
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State of the Union Address: A speech given annually by the president to a joint session of congress and to the nation announcing the president’s agenda - Constitution gives president some legislative power to check congress Presidential Veto: a president’s authority to reject a bill passed by congress; may only be overridden by a 2/3rds majority in each house -Principal legislative power given to the president by the constitution Executive Order : a clarification of congressional policy issued by the president and having the full force of the law -Power for the president to make law has grown over time - How laws passed by congress are to be implemented by specific agencies Senatorial Courtesy : tradition of granting senior senators of the president’s party
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