poli[1] - Political Science 1101 Notes"We hold these Truths...

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Political Science 1101 Notes  “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness- That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles, and organizing its Powers in such Form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.” The Declaration of Independence In Congress, July 4, 1776 List of grievances against British government and monarchy First half of the second paragraph is the clearest definition of political ideology o Self evident Truths- ultimate persuasive term o All Men are created equal Brits disagreed due to the Monarchial hierarchy “men” not men and women of all race, age, and creed Rich, white, protestant, landowning, literate males Only 3% of population were literate and only 1% were fully legible Now we know ALL MEN o Endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights Born with rights and cannot be legitimately taken away by the government Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness Not complete list- look at constitution To secure these rights, governments are instituted Purpose of government, to protect these rights Deriving just powers must come from consent of governed, other powers are unjust, other powers are unjust
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Equality, Rights, and Consent- ideals of government, purpose of government The right of the people to alter or abolish the government: Radical thinking; accountability Setting up a government that is not too strong or too weak Institute new government; governability Jefferson didn’t believe a democratic government could endure past a few decades o Founding fathers wanted a way to alter as necessary opposed to abolishment How do we control political greed to help opposed to harm? o Federalist Papers #51: Madison: In 4 th paragraph: “If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary. In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself” Ambition must be made to counter ambition Separation of powers with checks and balances Legislative (write laws), Executive (carry out laws), Judicial (settle disputes) Federalism- dividing powers of government between national and state government “A double security arises to the rights of the people. The different governments will control
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poli[1] - Political Science 1101 Notes"We hold these Truths...

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