Political Science 1

Political Science 1 - Political Science 160 Lecture 1: What...

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Political Science 160 Lecture 1: What is World Politics? Four Broad Topics: -Security: war, armament, alliances -Political economy: trade, monetary policy, coordination of macroeconomic policy (cutting bank lending rates, stimulus checks) -new issues: human rights, environmental cooperation -nature of polities and their relations to one another (why is the world organized the way it is) Examples: Security: -Will India and Pakistan negotiate a settlement to the Kashmir issue? -What are the effects of the conventional military dominance of the United States? -What is the role of NATO after the Cold War? -Should the UN send peacekeeping missions to nations that suffer civil war, like Sudan? Political Economy: -How should the United States government respond to the EU regulations about beef? -Which businesses and people benefit from the decline in the value of the dollar? -Which groups are likely to receive trade protection from foreign competition? -Why did the Asian financial crisis in 1997 spread to some states but not others? New Issues: -Can trade policies be used to compel states to respect he human rights of their citizens? -What are the consequences of forming the International Criminal Court? -What are the political obstacles to an international agreement on policies to counter global climate change? Questions of Sovereignty: -Why are states the dominant form of policy in the world? -Does the growth of the global economy compromise state sovereignty?
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Positive Theory vs. Normative Theory Positive theory seeks to understand why events occur in the world: why do things happen? Normative theory asks what is desirable, moral, and ethical, what ought we to do? Policy prescription requires both types of theory Why the Iraq War? The 2003 US-British Invasion of Iraq Sept. 12, 2002: Bush speech to UN concerning threat posed by Iraq Oct. 11: US congress resolution allowing use of force Nov. 8: UN Security Council approves resolution 1441, ret Running weapons inspectors to Iraq Dec. 21: Bush approves deployment of 200,000 US troops to Gulf Jan/Feb, 2003: Ambivalent reports on UN inspections Feb. 24: US, UK, and Spain propose 2 nd UNSC resolution of Iraq Mar. 14: 2 nd UNSC resolution withdrawn in face of opposition Mar. 17: US ultimatum to Saddam Hussein (Saddam and two sons must leave posts) Mar. 19/20: War begins with US strike Questions: -Why was there an ultimatum? -Why the long period of coercive pressure on Iraq before the invasion? -Internal policies of the US government before war: interagency rivalry and Congressional actions Decisions of Others: -Why did the UK join in the invasion, other US allies who did not join them then sent forces to Iraq afterwards, while others did neither? -Why did Kuwait allow the US to use its territory as a base for the invasion forces while Turkey
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Political Science 1 - Political Science 160 Lecture 1: What...

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