political science 11

political science 11 - Political Science Pg 206216 and...

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Political Science 23/02/2012 19:33:00 Pg. 206-216 and Election 2000 The Presidency Constitution lists the presidential roles and responsibilities o William H Taft and Teddy Roosevelt talked about their philosophy as to  what presidential responsibilities should and should not entail Taft believed in a limited presidency Most popular view in the 18 th  and 19 th  centuries President can do only what is stated in the constitution o Teddy’s expansive view The president can do anything that is not prohibited by the  constitution In times of crisis, presidents have taken a more expansive  approach to the presidency Ex: FDR took such an expansive view to the point that he  said that some of what he is doing is unconstitutional but  is what is best for the country Later in the 20 th  century, Johnson and Nixon, as well as  Bush took such an expansive reproach, that they were  considered almost imperial.  Nixon said, if the president orders it, it’s legal After Watergate, Carter, George Sr and others took a  less expansive approach President’s job to protect the Constitutional way of government (article 2,  section 1) Roles: o Chief diplomat Has the power to make treaties with foreign nations, appoint all  ambassadors to foreign nations o Commander and Chief
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The supreme commander of the U.S military, which is currently  the most powerful military that has ever existed in world history Said to equal the combined military of all other combined  on earth o Right to grant all pardons o Right to appoint all judges, especially Supreme Court (which must be  confirmed by the Senate) o Article 2, section3: State of the Union o Veto power o Can call Congress into session o Leader of the nation- will speak directly to the American people FDR’s Fireside chats o Executive power shall be vested in a president of the USA o There are 3 million civilian employees in the executive branch,  excluding the military. President appoints between 6-9 thousand of them Kitchen Cabinet o Informal o About 6 close advisors o Chief of staff, second most powerful person in the white house, as well  as the VP, are almost in that inner circle.  o Sometimes the first lady is a member o Even close friends without official positions are in the circle White house staff o 500-600 people o Executive office of the president
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Counsel and committees who advise the president Chief of staff Press secretary Counsel of economic advisors National security counsel o Secretary of state, defense, agriculture, commerce, education, energy,  etc. are each a massive buracracy 
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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political science 11 - Political Science Pg 206216 and...

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