Political Science 101

Political Science 101 - Political Science 101 Government...

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Political Science 101: Government 09/03/2009 10:09:00 I. What is government?    - Pre-eminent institution in society: leader    1. Legitimacy: popular support for form of government Lack of legitimacy leads to instable government    2. Authority II. Why is government necessary?    - Hobbes: World without government would become war against all.    1. Security    2. Collective action problems Free-rider problem III. Types of government    1. Monarchy: one rule Some problems with legitimacy    2. Totalitarianism: total control of society Make all important social, religious and economic rules  Ex. Hitler    3. Authoritarianism: control over political sphere only Do not have control over social and economic aspects of society Ex. Francisco Franco     4. Aristocracy: the best rule Ruled by leading member of society that are most capable    5. Democracy: demos=”people”, cracy=”rule by” Distinct from all others
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Only type that invests in large group of people IV. Types of Democracy    1. Direct Democracy Citizens are brought together to vote on issues directly Purist form of democracy – difficult o Initiative: voters propose law o Referenda: referred to voters by legislature
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Political Science 101 - Political Science 101 Government...

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