Political Science 101 lecture pt 2

Political Science 101 lecture pt 2 - Political Science 101:...

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Political Science 101: Introduction to US Government and Politics Lecture Notes Part 2 Separation of Powers and Federalism I. Review of Basic Principles A. Republicanism- set up a republican government. Power reside in the people and is executed by representatives. B. Federalism- the powers split up between stat and national government- specific powers. -formally- vertically split -opposite is unitary government C. Separation of Powers -lawmaking and interpretive duties go to separate branches of government. -opposite is parliamentary fusion of powers. D. Checks and Balances All important parts of our government. II. What are the Checks and Balances? A. Legislative Branch (Article I) 1. Basic task? Make laws. 2. What is the scope of its power? a. Enumerated powers i. power is listed- can only do that i. ex- taxes, regulate commerce, coin money ii. be informative but limit powers also. b. Implied powers i. Provided by Necessary and Proper clause (elastic clause) i. Only gives powers needed to carry out enumerated powers. ii. If can collect taxes and coin money- can charter a national bank. 2. How can the other branches "check" the power of Congress? a. Executive branch- veto laws b. Judicial branch-judicial review: the ability to seclare actos of congess unconstitutional and overturn them. B. The Executive Branch (Article II) 1. Basic task? "take care that the laws be faithfully executed 2. What powers are given to the President? a. check power of military: represents the people to make sure the military cannot take over. b. makes treaties with other countries. c. appoints government officers, diplomats and judges. 3. How can the other branches check this power? a. Legislative branch i. approve all appointments and treaties ii. congress has role in declaration of war. iii. can override presidential vetoes iv. can vote on impeachment of president b. Judicial branch i. presides over impeachment ii. can declare presidential acts unconstitutional. C. The Judicial Branch (Article III) 1. Basic task? Interpret laws 2. What details does the Constitution provide? i. Supreme Court would be the highest in the land ii. Judges would serve for life iii. Division of original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction 3. How can the other branches check this power? a. Executive- appoint judges b. Legislative-approve judges, create and eliminate federal courts. III. Federalism
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A. The Framers' Dilemma: Division between governments: what powers for the states? B. Constitutional Provisions 1. The supremacy clause (Article VI): if states have a treaty, national rule wins out, conflict 2. Relationships between states (Article IV) judicial decisions by one state has to be upheld/honored by other states, a resident of one state cannot be disadvantaged by other states, how new states can join the union. 3. Rights expressly
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Political Science 101 lecture pt 2 - Political Science 101:...

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