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POLITICAL SCIENCE all notes till midterm

POLITICAL SCIENCE all notes till midterm - POLITICAL...

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POLITICAL SCIENCE 111, COMPARATIVE POLITICS ALL NOTES LEADING UP TO THE MIDTERM (These notes cover all material from the beginning of the course up until the week before the midterm of the spring semester.) Political Science 111 Comparative Politics Amel Ahmed, Tuesday, Thursday 2:30- 3:20 What is Politics? “Who gets what, when and where.” – Herold Laswell Typs of Politics: Scarcity- resources, policy, etc. Dirstribution- (system of.) Authority- who decides. Who is who? - The process of assigning value and status to groups and individuals. Building blocks of the modern world: (see diagram) State Nation Market Building Blocks of the Modern World- The State: Definition of an ideal state: “a human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of legitimate use of physical force in a given territory.” – Max Weber. KEY FEATURES: Territory/ borders Organization/ bureaucracy Authority/ weapons *States (i.e. Massachusetts) are semi-sovereign. Modern State – 17 th Century – replaced feudalism as dominant form of political organization. Feudalism- Network of reciprocal, economic, military and legal obligations. (Lords and Vassals.) Features: 1. No fixed borders. 2. Organized through personal networks. 3. Multiple decentralized authorities.
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Why State, why not? The family? Theocratic federation. Why not these? Extensive tribal networks. Persistence of feudalism. Need to explain: Consolidation of territories. Standardization of functions. Monopolization of violence. Recipe for the State: Feudalism Military revolution. Protestant reformation, (strengthens claim of secular authority.) Amalgamation of territories based on language, (vernacular.) Military Revolution- - War making and state making. Need standing armies and taxation. - Specific innovation Intensification of violence. Treaty of Wesphalia- 1648 Defines borders. Settles dispute between secular and religious authorities. *“States make wars, and wars make states.” – Tilly. The Sate What does the state do? Compliance- “If the state is to exist, the dominated must obey the authority claimed by the powers that be.” – Weber. Government (policy making) State (implementation/ enforcement) Public (comply/ reject.) Challenges to the State: Territory- nomadic populations.
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Organization- corruption. Authority- crime. Role of violence: “” in state making, according to Tilly: Intensity of violence Standing armies Taxation. “” in state strength: monopoly over violence. Why is legitimacy necessary? Authority (Ability to gain compliance.) ( Means) (means) Use of violence Force (more) ( less) Legitimacy The Nation *According to Anthony Smith’s definition of a nation “RedSox Nation IS a nation.” The Nation- “An imagined political community and imagined as both inherently limited and sovereign.” – Benedict Anderson.
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