Political Science Test One

Political Science Test One - Political Science Test One...

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Political Science Test One Lecture Notes Democracy: demo = people; cratos = strength Democratic Republic: elect representatives Why a Democratic Republic and not a Pure Democracy? Coordination o If the population of one state is larger than the other, the larger state has an unfair advantage o People also need time to do their respective jobs, and if they had to sit through lengthy elections the economy would flounder o People are only concerned with what is best for themselves so a republic does what is best for all o Problems can arise from a lack of action or voting by the disinterested o Has the potential to be controlled by the wealthy or majority and therefore minority rights would not be protected in a true democracy Different Types of Government Aristocracy: rule be the wealthy, elite, “best” Totalitarianism: government controls all aspects of life Authoritarianism: certain aspects lie outside government control Examples of Totalitarianism and Authoritarianism Totalitarianism : government has social and economic control Nazis Russia under Stalin Iraq under Saddam Hussein Cuba under Castro (today) North Korea Authoritarianism: government has either social or economic control Venezuela ( authoritarian democracy) under Chavez o Chavez is re-elected because he provides social services but has cracked down on rights like freedom of the press; no separation between government and banks; no separation of power o This is also called an electoral democracy or an illiberal democracy Tensions within Political Culture Tensions arise between: Political parties o Liberal (big government) vs. conservative (little government) Equality and liberty o Gay rights o Affirmative action Security o Patriot Act 1
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o Draft (forced enlistment) The Logic of Collective Action Every organization has a main purpose it’s striving for and rational, self-interested individuals will not act to achieve a common, group interest Why join? Organizations are mechanisms we use to get us to our common goal o Us mechanism (organization) government o Just to achieve a certain interest you don’t necessarily have to act What are the challenges? Coordination: the reason why government institutions are in place is to help coordinate the decision making process o House of Representatives and Senate Prisoner’s Dilemma: in police interrogation, the suspects are separated in order to get both to confess to the same crime. Therefore the police officers isolate the suspects and tell each suspect to put the blame on the other and themselves in order to get a reduced sentence. Each prisoner does not pursue the collective good (which would mean keeping their mouth shut) instead they do what they think is best for them so each one squeals and both go to jail for a reduced sentence o Here we see that there is an incentive to make another bare the costs o What does this mean for the government? We have to agree on who’s going to lead, set specific goals and
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1310 taught by Professor Arnold during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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Political Science Test One - Political Science Test One...

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