Pols1 Exam 1 Study Guide

Pols1 Exam 1 Study Guide - Part I Study Guide Values- core...

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Part I Study Guide Values - core beliefs about how our society should be run and organized; you cannot convince anyone who doesn’t already believe these values to change their minds, gut beliefs about what society should look like Premises - the underlying truths for a group of people that are normally unspoken among that Group, gut belief about imperial reality Ideology - a set of ideas that direct goals, expectations and actions; main purpose behind an ideology is to offer change in society, and adherence to a set of ideals where conformity already exists, through a normative thought process, combo of premises and values that leads to your worldview “Constellation of values and premises that form a certain organization, imperial view of how the world works; a vision of what society ought to be” Sacredness - when something is held above all else, important to everyone and they uphold it no matter what; “sacred truths of the Constitution”, consensus values are also sacred to Americans Identity - how we define who we are or aren’t; must have a sense of “Us vs. Them”; can be singular or multiple, it can be ascribed o American Identity- an act of will, if you want to you can be “one of us” (first time American Identity was tested: French and Indian War we all had a common enemy; identity is born in war; war changes people’s national sense of themselves) o Multiple Identities- “a citizen of the world”; having more than one identity and having a hierarchy between them all Anglo-Protestant core - non-Catholic Christianity; desire for their own relationship with God, not through a priest; religious freedom for THEMSELVES, not people who want to practice anything other then Christianity American Creed - liberty, equality and opportunity we all believe in it, America is about this set of ideas, cultural ideas that came from protestant values Assimilation - in the early days of American they created a culture and when people can they assimilated to fit in with the dominant culture; TODAY people are encouraged to keep their own culture and identity they came from less assimilation and less nationalism Work ethic - the importance of work among Americans; we work, as a whole, the hardest in the world (in comparison over years and years) Constitutionalism - belief that the Constitution is the most important document in our country; still very dominant today!
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Weber “Protestant Ethic”- based upon the notion that the Calvinist emphasis on the necessity for hard work is proponent of a person's calling and worldly success is a sign of personal salvation J.S. Mill “On Liberty”- there are limits to our freedom; even words can “harm” someone else does this mean emotional distress is the same as physical? JSM says harm is physical and direct! Individuality leads to PROGRESS and a better society
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Pols1 Exam 1 Study Guide - Part I Study Guide Values- core...

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