PSCI Midterm - The Moral Economy of the Peasant by James...

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The Moral Economy of the Peasant by James Scott -Subsistence is valued; kinsmen, friends, village, help in times of need (reciprocity); - “self-exploitation” - working extremely hard for the smallest gains “agrarian involution” - when an entire area self-exploits. - “safety-first principle” - minimizing the change of having a disaster rather than maximizing avg return. *southeast asia -”self-help” ie. Petty trade, crafts The Age of Empire by E.J. Hobsbawm -1880-1914; imperialism - goals of imperialism: acquiring new lands for 1) missionaries 2) new markets (protectionism) to show off to other countries, bring honor to the homeland, competition against other countries The Nature and Genesis of the Colonial State - Crawford Young -Indians were used for cheap/free labor, lands taken over -Racism against Indians spread to include Africans -colonies used for trade, to build strength The Colonizer and Colonized by Albert Memmi -Identity issue caused by colonization: colonized tries to “destroy” himself and assimilate into the colonizer’s world. Fails due to colonial power; unwilling to see colonized as equals -”Revolt is the only way out of the colonial situation” -Despite frustration, colonized still admire colonizers. The Wretched of the Earth by Frantz Fanon -Violence is inevitable (“cleansing force”) because the colonized will unite to fight against oppression, poverty, etc. -Restores the self-respect of colonized -Colonialism reinforces differences between tribes Return to the Source by Amilcar Cabral -Domination of a people is comparable to destroying or neutralizing cultural life, which is an essential element of the history of a people - Colonizers not only repress culture but also try to assimilate the people, or by creating social gaps between the masses and elites; important figures are used to help -National Liberation ~ includes trying to preserve the culture, harmonizing values among the nation; helps determine culture -*the greater the difference between the culture of the dominated people and the culture of their oppressor, the more possible” it is to succeed in liberation. Sources of Indian Tradition by Stephen Hay -Savarkar - wanted to unite all of India by eliminating barriers between castesl supported Hindu national solidarity and political dominance. This carried over into other organizations and appealed to people enough to influence the Indian political scene. Wrote in treatise “Hindutva” about various aspects that made Hindus superior than Muslim Indians and everyone else in the world. -Manabendra Nath Roy
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PSCI Midterm - The Moral Economy of the Peasant by James...

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