Test 3 Study Guide

Test 3 Study Guide - POLS 1101 Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 6...

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POLS 1101 Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 6 Public Opinion : The aggregate of individual attitudes or beliefs shared by some portion of the adult population. There is no one public opinion, because there are many different “publics.” What is the difference between consensus and divisive opinion, and how do politicians react to each? Consensus opinions are issues that most citizens are in agreement on, while divisive opinions are ones in which the public opinion is polarized between two quite different positions. Generally politicians run there campaigns on consensus issues rather than divisive. Public opinion works in a negative effect by allowing politicians to only come out on issues supported by a consensus often ignoring other important issues they are divided on. - Candidates use Consensus more often in campaign ads b/c they don’t want to loose votes by antagonizing the other side, it could also motivate the other side to come out and vote against you. - Goal: Promise things to supporters but not necessarily give it to them b/c that will enrage the opposing side. Ex. Abortion. - Difference between consensus and divisive opinion: o Consensus (all for or against) Education Tax Cuts National Security Freedom Terrorism Crime/Drugs o Divided Abortion Gay Rights Iraq War Capital Punishment Stem-Cell Research Affirmative Action Religion Measuring public opinion: How is it done in general? It is generally measured through opinion polls that form statistics. What are the sources of error that inevitably creep into public opinion polls? It is hard to find diverse groups of people in these polls, and even if the perfect sample is found the way in which the question is worded often helps determine the answers. The 1
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question could be a yes/no question in which the respondent would answer differently in different situations or the question could be a push question. Push questions give the respondents misleading information in the questions asked to persuade them to vote against a candidate. Opinion polls - Public opinion changes - People change parties - Broad poll questions often provide little guidance for policymakers. - People’s limited knowledge about policies limits the ability to properly answer the question. - People lie about highly controversial topics (Child pornography) - Not a true representation because of area of polling. o Rich suburban area v. Ghetto Political Socialization : The process through which individuals learn a set of political attitudes and form opinions about social issues. - The family and the educational system are two of the most important forces in the political socialization process. Sources of political socialization:
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Test 3 Study Guide - POLS 1101 Exam 3 Study Guide Chapter 6...

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