chapter 5, 6, 7_test 2

chapter 5, 6, 7_test 2 - Chapter 5 Structural Factors to...

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Chapter 5 Structural Factors to Become a Parent: Employment of mother Availability of child care – reliable, economical SES/ethnic group membership – values and functions adults apply to having children o Hispanics: Highest “fertility rate” (the actual # of kids a woman has) o Middle-class women: Fewer children than those of blue collar women – more use of birth control, difference in rate and type of employment, tendency to limit family size. Pressure from parents, in-laws, and society Psychosocial Factors to Become a Parent: Having kids is a task of adulthood/normal health & development (Erikson) Traditional cultural ideas –heterosexual adults should marry and have children Sense of generatively – desire to care for others. Through the production and care of children, we contribute to the continuation of our culture. Economic Factors to Become a Parent: Delay age at which to reproduce ¼ of the total lifetime income of a middle-class family in the US is devoted to meeting the costs of having and raising a child from birth-18 years. Motivation for Becoming a Parent: Fatalistic: o Belief that procreation is the primary reason for their existence. Contraception is immoral. Belief grounded strongly in religious orientation. o To ensure the continuation of the family name. Some ethnic subcultures and family systems value males because family names are perpetuated through them. Alturistic: o Desire to express affection and concern for children. Instrumentalisic: o Want children to achieve specific goals for them. It’s like the parents’ second chance at life. o Sometimes to secure a troubled marriage or reduce guilt that arises from being childless. Narcissistic: o Expectation that having children will reflect on the goodness of a person and serve as a visible statement of adequacy as a sexually mature and active adults. o Often to achieve similarity with peers. o Notion that children will reciprocate parent’s feelings and provide parents with emotional security and love. Parenthood as Crisis Studies Conclusion: Having a child is a stressor event for a family system: o Mothers: losing sleep, worrying about their appearances and housekeeping standards, being chronically tired and giving up social contacts o Fathers: a decline in the sexual responsiveness of their wives. How Systemic Family Development Model addresses the impact of this stressor – transition. o
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chapter 5, 6, 7_test 2 - Chapter 5 Structural Factors to...

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