ed ideologies


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EARLY YEARS AND PRIMARY EDUCATION: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF EARLY YEARS AND PRIMARY EDUCATION ASSIGNMENT B Give a critical account of the ideologies, values and belief systems that reflect both past and current thinking about Early Years and Primary Education in England. Make reference to theories of child development and learning, educational policy making and literature in the field where appropriate. 3287 WORDS This essay will look at the ideologies, values and beliefs that have underpinned thinking about Early Years and Primary education in both the past and present context. The essay will look at how ideologies are constructed and how these beliefs and values shape education. The tension between what is best for the child and what is best for the society will also be explored looking at education from different perspectives. The influence of child development and theories of learning will be considered, looking at how they affected educational thinking. The dominance of political power will be looked at, recognising the important role it has played in shaping the education system in history and the present day. Education has been at the centre of many debates with Moyles & Hargreaves (1998) stating that “school curriculum has always been a
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battleground of competing ideologies”, p28. These ideologies and beliefs will be the focus of this essay. Knowledge and ideologies are socially constructed. Each culture defines children and childhood in a different way (Moyles & Hargreaves 1998). Rousseau refused to hurry childhood (Gutek 1988) whereas others have used children as tools to aid the economy with school often being a money-making institute (Moyles & Hargreaves 1998). This combination of factors shape our thinking in terms of education (Moyles & Hargreaves 1998). Moyles & Hargreaves (1998) state’s that there is a relationship between the views and needs of society and the curriculum within our schools and argue that in some respects political considerations dominate all others. Moyles & Hargreaves (1998) believe that education is used a tool to support nationalism and say it “is significant that most of the major educational statutes immediately followed a war”, p25. How society sees childhood determines how they believe education should be provided (Moyles & Hargreaves 1998). This view is reiterated by Anning et al (2004) who say’s that curriculum design reflects the ideas of adults. Adults have their own ideas as to what childhood is and what they believe is in a child’s best interests. Moyles & Hargreaves (1998) say that the focus of the curriculum should be to the human development and make reference to philosophers like Rousseau, Voltaire and Locke. These philosophers believed that people are informed by their environment and that
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course ECE 4352 taught by Professor Kinard during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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