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EDU 120 Fall 2007 Final Review

EDU 120 Fall 2007 Final Review - Final Review 1 EDU 120...

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Final Review EDU 120 Fall 2007 Final Review (Chapters 4, 7, 5, & 16) CHAPTER 4: The Developmentally appropriate classroom: DAP- developmentally appropriate program: developmentally appropriate vs. grade level 1. Know human development theory: Milestone of development: behaviors and characteristic that are expected at each age. 2. Focus on the learner and their development phase. 3. Chile is respected 4. Parent Involvement: NAEYC and the 12 key principles of child development: 1. All areas of development are closely related and influence each other. 2. Child development is relatively orderly process with new skills and abilities building on those previously learned. 3. Development proceeds at a different rate for individuals and varies for different aspect within the same child. 4. Early experiences either can positively or negatively influence the child later in development. Key periods led to optimal growth in many aspects of the child’s development. 5. Development is predictable and proceeds towards increasing complexity. 6. Development occurs in and is influenced by social and cultural contents. 7. Children are active learners who construct their own knowledge of the world around them. 8. Both heredity and environment influence the child’s development 9. Play is essential for healthy social, emotional, physical, and cognitive development. 10. Development is enhanced when children can practice newly acquired skills and when they are challenged beyond their current ability level. 11. Children have different learning modes and also vary in the ways in which they represent what they know. 12. Children who feel safe, secure, and valued will develop and learn at their highest level. John Bowlby and attachment: Ethological theory- children ability to form relationships with others. Attachment- is an emotional bond that occur between to people and is essential to healthy relationship building. 1. Preattachment- from birth to 12 weeks; children follow eyes generally more content when people are around. 2. Attachment-in-the-making- 12 weeks – 6 months; infants become more enthusiastic about their primary caregivers. 1
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Final Review 3. Clear-cut attachment- 6 months – 2 yrs; clearly demonstrates between people who give them care and others. 4. Goal-corrected partnership- more complex relationships and understanding goals of adults. Abraham Maslow: Humanistic Theory- emphasis on development of self Hierarchy of human needs: 1. Physiological needs- need for food, water and clothing. 2. Safety and security- need for a safe and nonthreatening environment. 3. Belongingness and affection- need for love and to be considered part of a group. 4. Self-respect- need for self-esteem and to be valued by others. 5. Self-actualization. Deficiency needs- 1 st two levels; their absence causes physical illness Growth needs- levels 3, 4, and 5; individuals’ attempts at becoming a more satisfied and healthy person.
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