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Unformatted text preview: Review Sheet Exam 2 1. Know the difference between assimilation and accommodation. Give examples of both.- Assimilation-new information is classified in terms of current mental schemes o Responding to an object of event in a way that is consistent with an existing scheme- Accommodation- modification of current mental schemes, or create new schemes, to fit reality o Process of responding to a new even by modifying an existing scheme or forming a new one o *child arrives at a state of new equilibrium a new way of thinking when their old scheme does not capture the env’t completely 2. Know the stages of Piagetian development model.- Sensorimotor o Schemes are based largely on behaviors and perceptions. Especially in the early part of the stage, children cannot think about things that are not immediately in front of them, and so they focus on what they are doing and seeing at moment o Reflex schemes, Primary circular reactions, secondary circular reactions, coordination of secondary circular reactions, tertiary circular reactions, invention of new means through mental combinations Stage 5 • Differentiation of schemes becomes deliberate rather than random Stage 6 • Capacity for internal representation develops- Preoperational o Thanks in part to their rapidly developing symbolic thinking abilities, children can not think and talk about things beyond their immediate experience. However, they do not yet reason in logical, adult-like ways. o Acquire representational capacity(intuitive thought, language, extensive pretend play) o Perception-bound, inflexible o Lack classification, conservation o Egocentric (only take their POV) Cannot take another persons view of the world- Concrete operations o Adult- like logic appears but is limited to reasoning about concrete, real-life situations o More logical, flexible reasoning (can classify object into two components) o Distinction between own and others perspective o Limited to concrete, tangible information- Formal Operational o Logical reasoning processes are applied to abstract ideas as well as concrete objects and situations. Many capabilities essential for advanced reasoning in sciene and mathematics appear o Abstract, scientific thinking o Operate on operations o But also, cognitive distortions, imaginary audience o Only ½ adult population raches this stage o Agriculturally based society or groups o Populations with different world views 3. What are four principles of a community of learners?...
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- Fall '10
- Intelligence quotient, circular reactions, secondary circular reactions, current mental schemes