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exam 2 study guide

exam 2 study guide - Review Sheet Exam 2 1 Know the...

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Review Sheet Exam 2 1. Know the difference between assimilation and accommodation. Give examples of both. Assimilation: new information is classified in terms of current mental schemes dealing with a new event of object in a way that is consistent with an existing scheme ex: a 7 year old may quickly identify a new slithery object in the backyard as a snake Accommodation: modification of current mental schemes or create new schemes to fit reality dealing with a new event or object in a way that is consistent with an existing scheme child arrives at a state of new equilibrium a new way of thinking when their old scheme does not capture the environment completely cognitive conflict=disequilibrium: activates accommodation Equilibrium- back and forth between assimilation and accommodation, interaction with the environment is crucial. The 7 year old may find a long slithery thing with a snakelike body that cannot possibly be a snake because it has four legts. After some research, he will develop a new scheme- salamander-for this creature 2. Know the stages of Piagetian development model. Sensorimotor Stage (birth-2 years): Goal directed behavior: intentional behavior aimed at bringing about an anticipated outcome Object permanence: realization that objects continue to exist even when they are unseen Symbolic thought: ability to represent external objects and events in one’s mind Reflex schemes, primary circular reactions, secondary circular reactions, coordination of seconding circular reactions, tertiary circular reactions, invention of new means through mental combinations Preoperational Stage (2-6/7):
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Egocentrism: inability to realize that if nothing is added or taken away, the amount of a substance Ex. 2 different size glasses with the same amount of water Acquire representational capacity (intuitive thought, language, extensive pretend play Perception-bound, inflexible Lack classification, conversation, egocentric Concrete Operations Stage (6/7-11/12): Egocentrism diminishes Conservation is realized More logical, flexible reasoning Distinction between own and other’s perspective Limited to concrete, tangible information Formal Operations Stage (11/12-adulthood): Abstract/scientific reasoning Hypothetical ideas Contrary-to-fact ideas Adolescents also become more idealistic about the world Only half of adults reach this stage 3. What are four principles of a community of learners?
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  • Fall '10
  • kinard
  • Intelligence Tests, Intelligence quotient, circular reactions, current mental schemes, mainstream western cultures

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