key terms2

key terms2 - 1. Operation Wetback This was a repatriation...

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1. Operation Wetback This was a repatriation project that removed illegal Mexican Immigrants (wetbacks) from the American southwest. It began in Texas in 1954 and then spread throughout the southwest. This was the beginning of the “decade of the wetback” and spurred a great deal of discrimination towards Mexican immigrants as well as other Hispanics as well. This also created the platform for future growth of the border patrol. This operation affected Los Angeles in that the supply of illegal labor would be greatly reduced. This operation also affected the future immigration laws such as proposition 187 which denied public benefits to illegal immigrants in Los Angeles. The lack of support for these illegal workers however, detracts from the fact that Los Angeles’ society depends on the labor of these illegal workers. 2. LA Watts Riots In August of 1965 a massive riot broke out in Los Angeles leaving 34 dead and over a thousand injured with $40 million in property damage. The cause of the riot was generally poverty within the Black community as well as alienation from the Anglo community. The lack of jobs, good education, and poor police relations were key causes of the riots. This riot also laid the foundation for the 1992 Watts uprising as well. After the riots, then Governor Pat Brown named John McCone to head a commission to study the riots. The report issued by the Commission concluded that the riots weren't the act of thugs, but rather symptomatic of much deeper problems: the high jobless rate in the inner city, poor housing, and bad schools. Although the problems were clearly pointed out in the report, no great effort was made to address them, or to rebuild what had been destroyed in the riots. 3. Hart Cellar Act This immigration law created in 1965 essentially divided the world into two sections: East and West. It allowed 170,000 from the eastern hemisphere were allowed in with no more than 20,000 immigrants from each country as well as 120,000 immigrants from the western hemisphere with no national limitations. It also provided for immigrants already residing in the United States to bring their families to the country as well. In addition to this, the law facilitated the entrance of skilled immigrants to come to the United States. Many suspected that this bill would further restrict Asian immigration however, the opposite was true. This bill changed the makeup of the immigration population in that there were many more highly skilled people, more Asian people, and many more families. 4. Picture Brides This revolved around the large male Japanese population in the United States in the early 1900s. Essentially these Japanese men were not allowed to have inter-racial marriages and they were forced to send home for picture brides. This resulted in the Japanese American population being much more gender balanced than other minority groups.
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5. Banda music A . Banda music represents the displacement of African American Youth, and Latino Youth that currently make up 57 percent of the of the poor population in Los Angeles
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key terms2 - 1. Operation Wetback This was a repatriation...

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