The Congress notes

The Congress notes - Federalist Papers-written to persuade...

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Unformatted text preview: Federalist Papers-written to persuade citizens to ratify the US constitution-helps illustrate urgency behind need for ratification of constitution-some argue that Madison and Hamilton blurred their view of Federalism from paper to paper to convince citizens to join together and bring a constitution to birth Articles of Confederation-power focused in state governments rather than a larger, centralized govern- ment During Constitutional convention, which lasted 8 years, controversies surrounded plans:-Virginia Plan-> James Madison-bicameral; both houses would be apportioned by population, and elected by state delegations; large state plan-New Jersey Plan-> William Paterson-almost identical to the status quo under the Articles; small state plan Compromise measure:-Connecticut Compromise-joined together the the equal representation of the states in the New Jer- sey plan and the method of apportionment of representatives-Even after compromise was supposedly worked out, still almost 200 yrs lopsided in terms of representation.-this would have led to a disproportionate representation of blacks, particularly in the South-After writing the Federalist Papers, Hamilton favored strong federal, centralized govern- ment, while Madison later aligned with the Jeffersonian, small government Anti-federal- ist perspective-Why have a Congress at all?-Pluralistic government-Representation of the people, particularly in the House-Faction-single biggest threat to the US is devolution into faction/permanent majority-Democracy vs. Republicanism-Indirect representation rather than direct democracy was the best solution. Only small states can be good examples of democracy; large states would be less likely to exhibit tyranny, because less likely to have one large, overarching faction/majority -House vs. Senate-Originally, Senate elected by state legislatures; to offer stability and continuity, and to maintain compound Federalism, representation of the States as opposed to rep- resentation of the people. Elitist component to it; if the people made a mistake by elect- ing bad representatives in the House, at leas the Senate was made of well-qualitifed cit- izens-Elections best way to connect representatives to the people?--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9/4/08 Polsby Article->Institutionalization should solve:-resource allocation-lack of representative diversity might have a trickle down effect, thereby making a disproportionate allocation of resources. -problem solving-makes sense that an air of cooperation might be fostered if continuity and incumbency is great; however, also might limit level of problem solving if continuity is maintained over long periods of time. Institutionalization slows the speed of change, which is what the Federalists were worried about [rapid policy change]-conflict settling-similar to problem solving-containing opposition-drastically more effective since 1968 due to institutional changes to Con-...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course POSI 1320 taught by Professor Henderson during the Fall '11 term at Texas State.

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The Congress notes - Federalist Papers-written to persuade...

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