US Electoral Rules

US Electoral Rules - A Brief History of U.S. Electoral...

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A Brief History of U.S. Electoral Rules I. The Basics A. The Two Contests 1. Nomination 2. Election B. The Rules 1. Deal with how support for one candidate or the other is translated into a decision about who wins 2. The rules aren’t neutral II. Constitutional Origins A. The Framers’ Dilemma(s) 1. Insure independence of the President while also providing checks on power 2. Provide for democratic selection, but mediated through representative process 3. Increase probability that qualified (not just popular) individuals would be selected 4. Recognize federal principle (i.e., the role of states) B. The Options 1. Selection by Congress -How to insure independence? 2. Direct Popular Election -Never really caught on—why? 3. Indirect Selection via Electors -popular sentiment expressed, but does not dictate the outcome -states got to set up methods for selection of electors C. Basics of the Electoral College as Originally Conceived 1. Each state given one electoral vote for each of its representatives and senators 2. Electors would meet and vote, each casting two ballots 3. Person who received the majority of votes became President, runner-up became Vice-President a. If no majority, House of Reps would choose among top five vote-
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US Electoral Rules - A Brief History of U.S. Electoral...

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