MHR 701--Social Perception and Individual Differences

MHR 701--Social Perception and Individual Differences -...

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Unformatted text preview: Social Perception and Individual Differences MHR 701 Dr. Larry Inks Department of Management and Human Resources Fisher College of Business The Ohio State University 2 Social Perception Diversity and Inclusion Personality and Mental Abilities Other Individual Differences Social Styles Overview 3 A Social Information Processing Model Encoding and Simplification Selective Attention/ Awareness Storage and Retention Retrieval and Response Interpretation/ Categorization Environmental Stimuli/ Information Memory (Different Types) Judgments and Decisions Salient/ meaningful information Schemas Scripts Categories Stereotypes Semantic Episodic (event) People Attributions Ratings/ judgments Decisions Bias Errors Social cognition can be accurate or inaccurate & biased 4 Fundamental Attribution Error (Bias) Self-Serving Bias Halo Error Pitchfork Error (aka Horns Error) Leniency Error Severity Error Central Tendency Error Different Types of Biases/Effects/Errors Recency Effect Primacy Effect Stereotyping Projection Contrast Effect Similar to Me Effect 5 Attribution Theory Basic Premise: An attribution is made as to whether action(s) and/or behavior(s) resulted from internal factors (e.g., ability, amount of work) or external factors (e.g., task difficulty). This attribution is based on the consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency of the observed behavior. Can be made for good or poor performance/outcomes! Three Dimensions in Kelleys Attribution Theory :- Consensus - Distinctiveness- Consistency 6 Kelleys Attribution Theory Consensus (relates to comparisons with other people) Is ones behavior in this situation similar to that of his/her peers? High: Yes, his/her behavior is similar to that of his/her peers. Low: No, his/her behavior is different from that of peers. Distinctiveness (relates to comparisons in other situations) Is ones behavior in this situation different from his/her behavior in different situations? High: Yes, his/her behavior here is different in other situations. Low: No, his/her behavior here is not different in other situations. Consistency (relates to comparisons across time) Is ones behavior in this same situation similar to over time? High: Yes, his/her behavior in this situation is consistent over time. Low: No, his/her behavior in this situation is not consistent over time. 7 Different Kinds of Attributions for Behavior High consensus High distinctiveness Low consistency Low consensus Low distinctiveness High consistency External Causes (Task difficulty, environmental influences, etc.) Internal Causes (Ability, personal characteristics, hard work, etc.) Attribution Made What is Perceived Test performance is a good example of these attributions 8 Diversity The individual differences that make people different from, and similar to, each other....
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MHR 701--Social Perception and Individual Differences -...

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