126 3. Cheese a. When casein precipitates (forms a gel), 99% of the butterfat is trapped and emulsified. b. "Imitation" cheese or "Lite" cheese (1) lite = make from 2% milk (a) may replace a portion of the fat with vegetable oil (2) imitation (a) NFDM, casein, or whey proteins are blended with vegetable oil or butterfat in the presence of hot water D. Processed meats = Hot dogs, lunchmeat, sausage products 1. Hot dogs: can have up to 30-40% protein by law a. Emulsifier = salt extracted actin and myosin Fats and Oils: "Shortening" of Baked GoodsII. Wheat ProteinsA. Gluten 1. Made of two special proteins a. Gliadin = ball bearings b. Glutenin = rubber bands 2. Unique to wheat
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