COMD 2050 CHAPTER 6

COMD 2050 CHAPTER 6 - COMD 2050-1 9/21/11 Ch. 6 Morphology...

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COMD 2050-1 9/21/11 Ch. 6 Morphology Yule, G. (2010). The Study of Language (4th ed.). New York:
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What is a word? a grouping of letters/sounds Follows phonotactic constraints an independent linguistic unit meaningful possibly comprised of smaller units of meaning Swahili: nitakupenda ni- ta- ku- penda
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Meaningful units in words dancer singer builder designer jeweler bouncer “shower”
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Morphology “the study of forms” Investigating basic elements used in a language. Study of the patterns of how words are formed. Focus is on smallest units of meaning (building blocks of meaning): morphemes. phonemes/phonology; sound morphemes/morphology; meaning
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Morphemes work (how many morphemes?) What morphemes can we add? Work s , work ed , work ing , work abl e Is there a difference in type of morphemes in the above? Grammatical function Dog, dogs How else can a morpheme change a
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Free morphemes: stand alone Bound morphemes: must be attached to other morphemes; affixes un- dress -ed bound free bound prefix stem suffix What about undercover? Underwear? Understand?
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COMD 2050 CHAPTER 6 - COMD 2050-1 9/21/11 Ch. 6 Morphology...

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