COMD 2050 CHAPTER 7

COMD 2050 CHAPTER 7 - COMD 20503 9/28/11 Ch. 7 Grammar...

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COMD 2050-3 9/28/11 Ch. 7 Grammar Yule, G. (2010).  The Study of  Language  (4th ed.). New York:  Cambridge.
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Grammar Rules pertaining to how we construct  phrases and sentences    Process of describing the structure of  phrases ad sentences so that we can  separate what is an appropriate  construction from what is  inappropriate.
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Latin and Greek influence Grammar of Latin and Greek wa the   “model” grammar, so big influence on  some European languages like  Spanish and Italian. Languages of scholarship, religion,  philosophy Influenced our labels English parts of 
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Prescriptive Approach Prescriptive approach to grammar or prescriptive  linguistics describes the rules and “correct  standard” for language that everyone should  conform to. Examples of prescriptive rules in English: Do not split infinitives.   Tsk tsk Captain Kirk. To go boldly… NOT To boldly  go Do not end sentence with a preposition. With whom did you go? NOT who did you go with? 
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English vs. Latin grammar Latin infinitives  English infinitives Should this structural rule for Latin  apply to English, according to  prescriptive grammar?
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Descriptive Approach Descriptive approach to grammar or  descriptive linguistics simply studies  the history, dialects, structure, and  variation of language as it is There is no right or wrong use of language No bad English dialects
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Parts of Speech aka lexical  categories aka syntactic categories word classes within a language words that function the same some words can fit into more than one class  Include:  nouns articles adjectives verbs adverbs
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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COMD 2050 CHAPTER 7 - COMD 20503 9/28/11 Ch. 7 Grammar...

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