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Ch. 1 Vocab - CHAPTER 1 COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY STUDYING THE...

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CHAPTER 1: COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: STUDYING THE MIND VOCABULARY MIND -Creates & controls mental functions (perception, attention, memory, emotions, language, deciding, thinking, & reasoning) COGNITION -Mental processes (perceptions, attention, memory, etc.) COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY -The branch of psychology concerned w/ scientific study of mind & mental processes REACTION TIME -How long takes to respond to presentation of stimulus SIMPLE REACTION TIME TASK -Reacting to presence/ absence of stimulus CHOICE REACTION TIME TASK -Reacting to one of two or more stimuli SAVINGS METHOD -Method used to measure retention in EBBINGHAUS’ memory experiments. He read lists on nonsense syllables & determined how many repetitions it took to repeat the lists w/ no errors. He then repeated this procedure after various intervals following initial learning & compared the number of repetitions needed to achieve no errors -[(Initial reps) – (relearn reps)]/ initial reps] x100 “SAVINGS CURVE” -Indicates memory drops rapidly 1 st 2 days after initial learning then levels off STRUCTURALISM
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