Psychology People Ch. 1-3

Psychology People Ch. 1-3 - IMPORTANT PSYCHOLOGY PEOPLE...

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IMPORTANT PSYCHOLOGY PEOPLE FRANZ JOSEF GALL (1758-1828) -PHRENOLOGY EDWIN BORING -Wrote 1 st history of psychology FRANCISCO DONDERS (1868) -Did one of 1 st experiments: How long does it take to make decision? -Measured REACTION TIME -SIMPLE REACTION TIME TASK -CHOICE REACTION TIME TASK HERMANN EBBINGHAUSE -Experiment: What’s time course of forgetting? -Presented nonsense syllables & learned it -Used SAVINGS METHOD to analyze results -Forgetting curve for nonsyllables WILHELM WUNDT (1879) -Founded 1 st laboratory of scientific research at University of Leipzing, Germany -STRUCTURALISM -ANALYTIC INTROSPECTION -“Hard science” group SIGMUND FREUD (1899) -INTERPRETATION OF DREAMS -Freudian unconscious mind: SUPEREGO, EGO, ID WILLIAM JAMES -PRINCIPALS OF PSYCHOLOGY (1890)- based on introspections of own mind -FUNCTIONALISM -“Biological science” group JOHN WATSON
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-Founded BEHAVIORISM -“LITTLE ALBERT EXPERIMENT” -CLASSIC CONDITIONING -OBSERVABLE BEHAVIOR IVAN PAVLOV (1900-1920) -Experiment: classical condition of dogs
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Psychology People Ch. 1-3 - IMPORTANT PSYCHOLOGY PEOPLE...

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