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CHAPTER 4: ATTENTION VOCABULARY ATTENTION -Ability to focus on specific stimulus or locations SELECTIVE ATTENTION -Focusing attention to one specific location, object, or message OVERT ATTENTION - Shifting attention from one place to another by moving eyes COVERT ATTENTION -Attention shifted without moving eyes DIVIDED ATTENTION -Attending 2+ things at once (can be overt, covert, or combination) DICHOTIC LISTENING - Procedure of presenting one message to the left ear & a different message to the right ear SHADOWING -Procedure of repeating message out loud as it’s heard. -Used in conjunction w/ studies of selective attention that use dichotic listening procedure EARLY SELECTION MODEL (BOTTLENECK MODEL) - Model created by DONALD BROADBENT (1958) to explain selective attention: information flow diagram to cognitive psychology proposed information passes through stages: message, sensory memory, filter, detector, short- term memory -Incoming information is restricted at some point in processing, so only a portion of the information gets through to consciousness SENSORY MEMORY -Holds all incoming information for fraction of second FILTER
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-Identifies attended message based on physical characteristics (speaker’s DETECTOR SHORT- TERM MEMORY COCKTAIL PARTY EFFECT - Person is selectively listening to one message among many, yet hears name or distinctive message (“Fire!”) that is not being attended ATTENUATOR - Proposed by ANNE TREISMAN (1964): Stage that analyzes incoming message in terms of physical characteristics, language, & meaning -Attended message passes through at full strength, & unattended message
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course PSY 305 taught by Professor Reeves during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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