CogLab 11- Levels of Processing

CogLab 11- Levels of Processing - COGLAB 11: LEVELS OF...

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COGLAB 11: LEVELS OF PROCESSING BACKGROUND -1960s- most common view of memory was that it consisted of a series of memory stores (sensory memory, STM, & LTM) -1970s- the type of processing might be more important that the hypothetical store that retained the information CRAIK & LOCKHART (1972) stressed four points in the development of their LEVELS OF PROCESSING framework: 1. Memory was the result of successive series of analyses, each at a deeper level than the previous one. A shallow level of processing could be focusing on how a word sounds; a deeper level of processing could be focusing on the meaning of the word. 2. The deeper the level of processing, the more durable the memory 3. Rehearsal can be relatively unimportant. A lot of rehearsal using shallow level of processing will lead to worse memory than much less rehearsal using deep level of processing. 4. Researchers should use incidental learning rather than intentional learning because experimenter wants to study the effects of a
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course PSY 305 taught by Professor Reeves during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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CogLab 11- Levels of Processing - COGLAB 11: LEVELS OF...

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