Govt. Lec. 10 - THIS RAISES 2 QUESTIONS 1 HOW TO DELIVER...

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GOVERNMENT LECTURE #10 02/17 THEORIES OF CONGRESSIONAL ORGANIZATION CONGRESS FACES 3 FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEMS: PROBLEM 1: -The need to distribute the benefits of policymaking (power & goodies) PROBLEM 2: -The need to govern, which indirectly means winning elections & influencing policy PROBLEM 3: -Need for information on which to base decisions about distributing policy benefits & governing effectively -Congress as a political inst. reflects a concern for these problems -Concern is reflected in the behavior of members of Congress individually THE DISTRIBUTIVE THEORY OF CONGRESSIONAL ORGANIZATION CONGRESS HAS TO FIND BEST WAY (& EFFICIENT WAY) TO DISTRIBUTE POWER, & BENEFITS OF POLICYMAKING THIS IS NO TRIVIAL MATTER. IF THE RIGHT BENEFITS DON’T REACH THE RIGHT INTERESTS, INDIVIDUALS, & SEGMENTS OF SOCIETY, MEMBERS OF CONGRESS MAY LOSE ELECTIONS & FURTHER, DEMOCRACY IS NOT SERVED (PLURALISM) IN ADDITION, MEMBERS OF CONGRESS HAVE EXPERTISE ON GIVEN ISSUES & ACTUALLY CARE WHETHER THESE BENEFITS ARE DELIVERED
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Unformatted text preview: THIS RAISES 2 QUESTIONS: 1. HOW TO DELIVER BENEFITS? 2. HOW DO WE ENSURE THAT OTHER MEMBERS DON’T INTERFERE? CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE SYSTEM IS VEHICLE FOR DELIVERING BENEFITS CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE SYSTEM IS A CONFEDERATION OF MUTUALLY NON- INTERFERING PACTS JURISDICTION CHANGES SLOWLY, IF AT ALL GIVEN STABLE JURISDICTION, THE INSTITUTION OPERATED ON BASIS OF COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE & GAINS FROM TRADE BUT, WHY WOULD COMMITTEE SYSTEM BE THE BEST AVENUE? IF THE MOST PRESSING PROBLEMS FACING CONGRESS IS DISTRIBUTION OF BENEFITS, THEN COMMITTEES SHOULD BE MADE UP OF THOSE WHO ARE “HIGH DEMANDERS” OF POLICY. -High demanders are outliers- they aren’t representative of average members of Congress-This is also economical b/c “high demanders” have most incentive to become experts in their issues -Congressional leadership trades control of policy for the assured delivery of benefits...
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