WK9Mitigation Plan - Running head FINAL PROJECT MITIGATION...

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Running head: FINAL PROJECT: MITIGATION PLAN 1 Final Project: Mitigation Plan Angel Bingham University of Phoenix
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FINAL PROJECT: MITIGATION PLAN 2 Final Project: Mitigation Plan Water is a resource taken for granted in this country. Often, the American people are using fresh surface water for irrigation, thermoelectric power, and industrial use. These uses do not require the use of fresh surface water, but that is what is often used (National Atlas of the United States, 2011). The water crisis is becoming more real with each gallon withdrawn. Lakes, rivers, and streams are drying up. The climate is changing. Alas, we are still using water like it will be there tomorrow. The crisis is serious. We must stop the use of our fresh surface water for industrial and irrigation purposes. We must preserve this valuable resource. Water affects every living thing. “Plants, wildlife, and fish depend on sufficient water flows to their habitats to live and reproduce” (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012, para. 12). There are numerous factors that contribute to the water crisis of the world. Droughts, aquifer depletion, improper management, and industrial use are all significant contributors. The world population is increasing approximately 85 million a year and the availability of freshwater is decreasing rapidly (Manzoor, 2011, p. 37). The climate is changing, and the rainfall is less than in the past. Since 1998, Lake Mead has become less than half the size it once was (Strassmann, 2012). However, the city of Las Vegas has implemented an aggressive water conservation program. Homeowners are paid to convert to desert friendly landscape and water police patrol neighborhoods to prevent water violators and fine the people in violation. The City Center on the Vegas strip has spent $8 billion on environmentally friendly low-flow water fixtures (Strassmann, 2012). This effort alone has reduced water use by one hundred million gallons a year.
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FINAL PROJECT: MITIGATION PLAN 3 Meanwhile, in Florida consumers stay in denial in regard to water conservation. Farmers use nearly half of the public water supply and home owners associations require green grass in yards (NPR, 2012). Florida is no longer the land of unlimited water and conservation efforts must be increased. Reclaimed water is an increasingly viable solution to many of the water problems Florida is now facing. Reclaimed water has tremendous environmental benefits such as: providing an additional water source, thus allowing us to decrease the use of water from sensitive ecosystems (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2012). The use of reclaimed water saves considerable amounts of water in its natural environment, thus allowing an increased flow to numerous ecosystems. Reclaimed water also can be used enhance or create wetlands and stream habitats.
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