EXAM_1_Study - Alexander Muhr HIST-104 DAY 1 Begin to THINK...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alexander Muhr 10/26/05 HIST-104 DAY 1: - Begin to THINK about CHANGE - Main Ideas o Reason, Toleration, Human Rights, Questioning o Conquest, Subjugation o Genocide o How do we define Europe? - “(Hu) Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains.” – Rousseau - living free vs. living in society/state - Free = living unequally; people have inequalities everyone takes what they want and when they want it o You waste time and energy to defend yourself and your possessions - Society/State o Curbing NATURAL Instincts (desires, freedom) o Moral Code and system of Conduct! - SOCIAL CONTRACT o Giving up certain things (right to satisfy their every needs) and gain certain things (SECURITY, PEACE, and living in a society) o Swap “Absolute Freedom” with “CIVIL Freedom” (favors the group as a whole) - THE GENERAL WILL o Lies above all the differences between everyone; such as lawmakers work towards being truly “Free” - People can change at their CORE depending on their surroundings changing HUMAN Nature - SAVAGE people that have not been exposed to civilization; don’t live in the European state of Advancement - PARADOX: One person’s notion of freedom is another’s notion of repression. - The Sovereign (Monarch) is there not by divine intervention but there by POPULAR WILL - Using REASON Rational Analysis - RELIGION: move towards a tolerance of religion – need a combination of FAITH and REASON o Civil Religion any religion that has to be tolerant and not interfere with citizenship citizens need religion to be good citizens o Forces cohesion, creates control, and ethical orientation!! - PLATO cave allegory – people who live in a cave and most cannot go out, because the light is too harsh and they would be blinded; only a few can handle the light, and lead everyone else out of the cave ENLIGHTENMENT - PROPERTY: Right to Ownership – NOT God-Given DAY 2: - The Enlightenment and The World of the Old Regime o The Enlightenment Roots and influences Main themes o Europe in the 18 th Century Life in the Old Regime French developments - How are ideas passed around in the 18 th Century? o BOOKS $$ Upper Class (printing) anonymous writers – RADICAL ideas word of MOUTH – cafes, salons, loges PAMPHLETS – easy to make, cheap Newspapers!!
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Alexander Muhr 10/26/05 HIST-104 - Cities are growing and bringing people together to share and discuss ideas like never before!! - ROOTS of the Enlightenment o RELIGION: Growing climate of Religious PERSECUTION The Huguenots of France DIASPORA o SCIENCE: Experimentation, reason new technologies about looking and seeing EYE Apply to the HUMAN world! o
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 104g taught by Professor Accampo during the Fall '06 term at USC.

Page1 / 14

EXAM_1_Study - Alexander Muhr HIST-104 DAY 1 Begin to THINK...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online