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Unformatted text preview: Exam Hints The following are ideas, artists, concepts, and specific artworks, that I would suggest you familiarize your self with. If there is a term (artist, artwork or concept, etc.) in bold I would find out what that term (artist, artwork or concept, etc.) means.-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The period of the late 14th to early 15th centuries is one of significant change in the daily life of most Europeans and in the intellectual life of those who created such change. Gothic elements continued to be expressed in the religious subject and content of art during this period. Religious content is primary in most of the works from this period and artwork is primarily financed by the Catholic Church. The most important issue at this time was the significance of the individual- as seen in the creative genius of Leonardo da Vinci, the social/political power of Lorenzo Medici , the literary eloquence of Dante', and the intellectual pursuits of Galileo. Humanism and the Italian Renaissance are two concepts most associated with the 15th century. Humanism is a celebration of the individual. The Italian Renaissance was an intellectual distinction, attributed to 14th c. humanist and poet Petrarch, who saw the Renaissance as his own era as a 'modern' era of human creativity. The Renaissance (French for 'rebirth') is a 19th century term used to designate the revival of classical learning and literature. Late Gothic (or Early Renaissance) art presents the human figure more realistically. Early Renaissance art was dramatically changed by Giotto. Giotto di Bondone is considered the "Father of Painting." Giotto used buon fresco and fresco secco techniques in painting in wet (or fresco) plaster. Grey statues were actually painted in grisaille (shades of grey.) One Point Perspective, also called linear perspective , allowed artists to create illusions of reality and naturalism with the use of devices such as a fixed view, a vanishing point (or points), and a related grid of diminishing spaces. Filippo Brunelleschi , in 1420 developed the concept of linear perspective (from the work of Abul Hassam.) Visual imagery was expressed in a variety of media and materials such as painting in wet plaster (fresco ), watercolor on parchment and paper and oil on canvas or wood panels; fabric tapestries; wood, marble and bronze sculpture; printed by woodcut blocks, and metal engravings Jan van Eyck and other Flemish artists developed oil painting on canvass in the early 15th century. Wood Block Printing created inexpensive images that were popular during this period and made art affordable to most people because images on paper could be inexpensively reproduced....
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course ENGLISH 120 taught by Professor Brock during the Spring '12 term at Coastline Community College.
- Spring '12