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669_TOEFLGRAMMAR - 1 Ch ng(subject 1.1 Danh t m c v khng m...

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+ 1. Chñ ng÷ (subject) β 1.1 Danh tõ ®Õm ® îc v μ kh«ng ®Õm ® îc. β 1.2 Qu¸n tõ a (an) v μ the β 1.3 C¸ch sö dông Other v μ another. β 1.4 C¸ch sö dông litter/ a litter, few/ a few β 1.5 Së h÷u c¸ch β 1.6 Some, any + 2. §éng tõ ( verb) β 2.1 HiÖn t¹i (present) ® 2.1.1 HiÖn t¹i ®¬n gi¶n (simple present) ® 2.1.2 HiÖn t¹i tiÕp diÔn (present progressive) ® 2.1.3 Present perfect ( hiÖn t¹i ho μ n th μ nh) ® 2.1.4 HiÖn t¹i ho μ n th μ nh tiÕp diÔn ( preset perfect progressive) β 2.2 Qu¸ khø ( Past) ® 2.2.1 Qu¸ khø ®¬n gi¶n (simple past) ® 2.2.2 Qu¸ khø tiÕp diÔn (Past progresive). ® 2.2.3 Qu¸ khø ho μ n th μ nh (past perfect).
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® 2.2.4 Qu¸ khø ho μ n th μ nh tiÕp diÔn (past perfect progressive). β 2.3 T ¬ng lai ® 2.3.1 T ¬ng lai ®¬n gi¶n (simple future) ® 2.3.2 T ¬ng lai tiÕp diÔn ( future progressive) ® 2.3.3 T ¬ng lai ho μ n th μ nh (future perfect) + 3. Sù ho μ hîp gi÷a chñ ng÷ v μ ®éng tõ. β 3.1 Chñ ng÷ ®øng t¸ch khái ®éng tõ. β 3.2 C¸c danh tõ lu«n ®ßi hái ®éng tõ v μ ®¹i tõ sè it. β 3.3 C¸ch sö dông none, no β 3.4 C¸ch sö dông cÊu tróc either ... or v μ neither ... nor. β 3.5 C¸c danh tõ tËp thÓ β 3.6 C¸ch sö dông A number of/ the number of β 3.7 C¸c danh tõ lu«n dïng ë sè nhiÒu. β 3.8 C¸ch dïng c¸c th μ nh ng÷ There is, there are + 4. §¹i tõ β 4.1 §¹i tõ nh©n x ng chñ ng÷ (Subject pronoun) β 4.2 §¹i tõ nh©n x ng t©n ng÷ β 4.3 TÝnh tõ së h÷u β 4.4 §¹i tõ së h÷u β 4.5 §¹i tõ ph¶n th©n (reflexive pronoun) + 5. §éng tõ dïng l μ m t©n ng÷ β 5.1 §éng tõ nguyªn thÓ l μ m t©n ng÷ β 5.2 Ving dïng l μ m t©n ng÷ β 5.3 3 ®éng tõ ®Æc biÖt
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β 5.4 C¸c ®éng tõ ®øng ®»ng sau giíi tõ β 5.5 VÊn ®Ò ®¹i tõ ®i tr íc ®éng tõ nguyªn thÓ hoÆc Ving l μ m t©n ng÷. + 6. C¸ch sö dông ®éng tõ b¸n khiÕm khuyÕt need v μ dare β 6.1 need β 6.2 Dare + 7. C¸ch dïng ®éng tõ to be + infinitive + 8. C©u hái β 8.1 C©u hái yes v μ no β 8.2 C©u hái th«ng b¸o ® 8.2.1 who v μ what l μ m chñ ng÷. ® 8.2.2 Whom v μ what l μ t©n ng÷ cña c©u hái ® 8.2.3 C©u hái d μ nh cho c¸c bæ ng÷ (when, where, why, how) β 8.3 C©u hái gi¸n tiÕp (embedded questions) β 8.4 C©u hái cã ®u«i + 9. Lèi nãi phô ho¹ kh¼ng ®Þnh v μ phñ ®Þnh. β 9.1 Lèi nãi phô ho¹ kh¼ng ®Þnh. β 9.2 Lèi nãi phô ho¹ phñ ®Þnh + 10. C©u phñ ®Þnh + 11. MÖnh lÖnh thøc β 11.1 MÖnh lÖnh thøc trùc tiÕp. β 11.2 MÖnh lÖnh thøc gi¸n tiÕp. + 12. §éng tõ khiÕm khuyÕt. β 12.1 DiÔn ®¹t thêi t ¬ng lai. β 12.2 DiÔn ®¹t c©u ®iÒu kiÖn.
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® 12.2.1 §iÒu kiÖn cã thÓ thùc hiÖn ® îc ë thêi hiÖn t¹i. ® 12.2.2 §iÒu kiÖn kh«ng thÓ thùc hiÖn ® îc ë thêi hiÖn t¹i.
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