ch9 - ch.9 Health ,mental,andsocialwellbeing...

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ch. 9 17:40 Health  Health is state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being Health comes with wealth Typically people with money tend to be healthier  High-income nations Health and illness: global perspective High-income nations Infant mortality rate Low—less than 10 deaths for every 1000 births How many kids die before they reach one  Lower in high-income nations vs. low-income nations (closer to 100 deaths) Life expectancy at birth In U.S. men tend to live 70-75, women tend to live till 80 Chronic diseases More prevalent in high-income countries  In U.S., a high fat diet and little physical work result in 2/3 of adults as overweight  We have money to eat what we want and just rest  Low income—always has to work and cant afford to eat as they please  Cancer, heart-disease
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Tend to develop in high-income rather than low-income  Low-income nations  Poverty and poor health Poverty and malnutrition Poverty and lack of safe drinking water Don’t have resources to produce drinking water Poverty and poor sanitation Cant afford to clean  Acute disease-illness that strikes suddenly Infectious diseases Pop up out of now where: flu  Rich and poor compared: the AIDS epidemic Social epidemiology—study of how health and disease are distributed throughout a  society Epidemic—disease that spreads rapidly AIDS: THE GLOBAL VIEW Africa—68% of HIV cases 5 times more likely to die from AIDS Worlds poor hit hardest by the AIDS epidemic  Poor have weakened health Poor countries have fewer resources for education and prevention programs Cultural patterns and AIDS
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United states accounts for less than 5% of HIV cases   Socialist systems (government regulation economic) The peoples republic of china Government administers health care Barefoot doctors Provides for health care who cant afford it Like a charity hospital but only 1-2 doctors  The Russian federation Health care is still mostly under government control  Doctors paid less Mostly women 75% Economic decline and declining health  Capitalist system  More privately owned Sweden Government run health care system  Funded through taxes Taxes may be higher than U.S.  Physicians are government employees  Health care are basic right
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Available to all people  Form of socialized medicine Government running hospitals and operating most facilities  4-1-11 DALLAS 4-4-11 health: the importance of gender gender affects health in a number or ways: ideas about gender affect health care research  how culture defines masculinity ignoring women’s health needs within the health care system all illustration: eating disorders anorexia nervosa bulimia function of how culture defines women in terms of physical attractiveness media based image of thinness and beauty  trying to obtain similar looks 
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ch9 - ch.9 Health ,mental,andsocialwellbeing...

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