Notes for Third section of class

Notes for Third section of class - I Introduction to public...

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I. Introduction to public management, Governance and Bureaucracy a) The structure and context of our governance system matter-Bureaucracy is necessary b) Governance is the most important process c) What government/public managers do in our lives size and scope i) Reminded by the huge size and overlapping of the various governments ii) Expanded governments in the mid 20 th century iii) Have volunteer citizens appointed to a committee and will control who gets a contract to avoid scandals iv) Bureaucrats are very important that play a lot of our lives d) Paradox i) Declining trust in and bad perception of government and bureaucracy ii) But size is not decline- don’t like bureaucracy but feel they still need it iii) People have more trust in local bureaucrats and not law makers in federal government II. Terms a) Bureaucracy is not just government i) GM is huge bureaucracy b) Governance vs government i) Larger concept that talks about and does fixing using the departments ii) Government: limited idea that institutions are governmental c) Relation to policy implementation i) Importance of implementation via management and bureaucracy (1) Have to implement policy and have to go through these institutions (2) Don’t know if policy will work until implementation-sometimes doesn’t know how it will work d) What is implementation i) It is the achievement of policy passed III. Historical sources and debate over bureaucracy a) Max Weber on bureaucracy i) Definition bureaucracy vs democracy (1) Was of ruling by structures and rules and NOT democracy…way of doing things, and organizing affairs (2) Not ruled by officers but rules (3) Rationalization and power (a) Bureaucracy is supposed to the impersonal and impartial which steers way from a king who likes/dislikes you b) Robert Michel’s on “Iron law of Oligarchy” i) Rule by the few ii) As groups and by bureaucracy are controlled by self selecting elites c) Niccolo Machiavelli on how to be a powerful and effective prince i) Instructions how to be powerful but still get things done for the country ii) Do what is necessary as a king and be afraid of but not hated d) Modern liberal vs conservative debate over bureaucracy i) Liberal says bureaucracy is good but should look at it more on what or doesn’t make bureaucracy’s work ii) Conservatives wants hands-off government e) Practical management and leadership techniques i) Bureaucracy’s are managed in time situation ii) Parkinson’s law: the job will fit the time available IV. Wilson’s analysis of Bureaucracy- General approach a) Bottom- up and behavioral approach—What bureaucracies do
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i) Example principal carter ii) Look at how things happen on the ground, and look at constraints before setting the bureaucracy up b) Against simple stereotype of bureaucracy c) Differences in types of bureaucracy d) Organization and context matter along with people i) Develop an organizations that fit the task and the context V. Overview of difficulties of public management in Bureaucracies a) Implementation gap i) What explains this?
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