Music145part2 - Jazz passed through three evolutionary...

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Jazz passed through three evolutionary phases between 1900 to 1965 Phase 1 - New Orleans to Chicago and NY (c. 1900-1925) Collective improvisation of the front-line players Improvisations mostly consisted of 'ragging' the melodies Phase 2 - (c. 1925 - 1945) Swing - Jazz becomes pop mainstream as swing dancing becomes a national craze. Standardized sections of the big band. Four-beat in bass almost all the time. Good for Swing Dancing Trumpets - x x x x Trumbones - x x x x Saxes - x x x x x The Basic Rhythms Quarter-notes: 1 2 3 4 Eight - notes: 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 Triplets Sixteenth-notes: Musical Techniques in the Swing Era Bass players play all four beats called "walking." Quarter- notes instead of half-notes in fox-trot. Pianists "comp" - syncopated chording (play less). Lots of root-position type but begin inverting the chords too. Drummers play quarters and eighth-notes on the ride cymbal. The backbeat on the high hat . They also "comp" on the snare with their L.H. Some drummers also keep "four on the floor" (e.g., playing all four beats on the bass drum). Improvisations become more advanced incorporating more arpeggios over chord changes.
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