Music145Part3

Music145Part3 - 15:27 10/25 The 50's and the new...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
15:27 10/25 The 50's and the new "Substyles" 1. Changes a. The decline in big bands i. Too expensive to tour with and pay salaries ii. Basie Band and Ellington Orchestra survive but struggle more than previously. b. Rise in Singers i. Inatra, Peggy Lee, Billy Eckstine etc. c. Rise in small groups (2-3 horn front lines) 2. Substyles a. "Cool" i. Modal Jazz b. Hard Bop i. Funky/Soul Jazz c. Third Stream • These terms are not absolute, as some players fit into more than
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
one category. They are, however, useful, as they describe some of the general musical tendencies that took place starting in the late 40s through the early 60s. 3. "Cool" a. Early Cool (i.e., late 40s) i. Bop style compositions, yet with "soft" attack on the beat. b. Origins of Cool Jazz i. 1947-48 Recording Ban (again) ii. Late 40s: Miles finally blows up at Parker… grabs him by the  throat demanding his pay. Leaves Parker along with Max Roach. 1) 1948 Miles wins Esquire New Star Award for trumpet. iii. The jazz composers/theory hang at Gil Evan's tiny one-room  apartment located behind Chinese laundry mat (W 55th) 1) Miles, John Lewis, Lee Konitz, Lennie Tristano, J.J.  Johnson, Gerry Mulligan, Max Roach etc. - they meet in NYC. • They had tuba… bop style with cool articulation in beat. iv. Demise of 52nd street jazz clubs. Striper joints more lucrative, drug dealers take over, etc. Miles Davis • Boplicity (Cleo Henry) - recorded 4/22/49 • Represents a conscious turn towards cooler and less aggressive
Background image of page 2
attack on the beat - Bop, yet not BOP! • Scoring technique is similar to the block chord style. 9 voices moving in parallel motion with tightly configured chords. • Gil Evans was sick/hospitalized; contributes only minimally. • Miles' nonet was not well received by public; sold poorly.  Important contributors: § Lee Konitz (as); § Jerry Mulligan (bari sax) § John Lewis (p) Lennie Tristano 1919 - 1978 Chicago, IL • Blind by the age of 8 from influenza at birth. Played several instruments well. • Made relatively few records because they did not sell well. • 1951-1978 Primarily known for his teaching. Many pupils. • Known for new kind of complexity. Still bop style of play, but with fewer syncopations. Long lines, unique harmonization. Origins of Cool Jazz
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
• White musicians who were influenced by Lester Young's lighter, lyrical syle.
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 26

Music145Part3 - 15:27 10/25 The 50's and the new...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online