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POLI 101 - nov 15 judiciary

POLI 101 - nov 15 judiciary - The Judiciary 1 What is the...

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The Judiciary 1. What is the historical foundation for the role of judges in the United States? 2. Types of cases (3 principal types of cases) a. Civil cases: cases between parties not involved in criminal code. Most common types are contract cases and tort cases. b. Criminal cases: involves breaking criminal code. Government acts as prosecutor. c. Public law cases: involves some question of whether or not law applies to a case or how law applies. 3. What is judicial discretion, and why is it important? 4. Do judicial decisions have real political consequence? 5. How is the federal court system organized? a. Lowest level=district court a.i. Over 90 district courts with over 500 judges a.ii. Has original jurisdiction in most cases b. Middle level =appellate court (US Court of Appeals or Circuit Courts) b.i. There are 12 judicial circuits: 3 or more judges are assigned per circuit. All cases are heart by (at least) a panel of three judges. No case comes other than through appeal.
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  • Fall '08
  • Carney
  • Supreme Court of the United States, Circuit Courts, Public law cases, lifetime appointed judges, level=district court a.i

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