LFIT - final review

LFIT - final review - Module 1: Health Status and Benefits...

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Module 1: Health Status and Benefits of Physical Activity What are the two leading causes of death in the United States are diseases that are considered lifestyle related and mostly preventable? a. The first leading cause of death is Cardiovascular diseases: high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, congestive heart disease, strokes. b. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the US. What are some key factors contributing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and excessive body weight in the United States? a. Cholesterol, lack of exercise, diabetes, stress What are some key goals of the Healthy People 2010 initiative and what are the rationales behind these goals? a. The idea: provide health objectives in a format that enables diverse groups to combine their efforts and work as a team. b. Goals: 1) increase quality and years of a healthy life 2) eliminate health disparities c. 10 major areas of focus: physical activity, obesity, tobacco use, mental health, injury and violence, substance abuse, responsible sexual behavior, immunization, access to health care and environmental quality. d. “Provides a framework for prevention for the nation. It is a statement of national health objectives designed to identify the most significant preventable threats to health and to establish national goals to reduce these threats.” Module 2: Health and Fitness Assessments What is cardiovascular disease and who does it affect? o Cardiovascular disease is a broad term used to describe a range of disease that affect the heart or blood vessels. What are the national health objectives? o Eat fewer calories, become more active, and make better food choices. Familiarize yourself with cholesterol, blood pressure, diabetes, and other common diseases in America. What is the recommended amount of physical exercise? Familiarize yourself with the different fitness assessments and what each one measures. o Resting heart rate: average is between 60-80 beats per minute. o Blood pressure: uncontrolled blood pressure indicates strokes, heart attack, heart failure, or kidney failure. What does a comprehensive fitness assessment involve and what is its role in health management? Body composition can be an indication of risk for certain diseases. How can body composition be used as part of a fitness program? o Provide a starting point for determining which heart rate training zone is appropriate when beginning a cardiorespiratory training program. What is BMI? o BMI is calculated by dividing the weight in pounds by the square of height in inches and multiplying by 703. o A quick and easy method for determining whether an individual’s weight is appropriate for his or her height. What is the difference between overweight and obese?
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LFIT - final review - Module 1: Health Status and Benefits...

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