Goals: list 6 classes of nutrients, identify the commended ranges for
carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, state the daily recommended intake of fiber,
identify daily fluid requirements, and list the components of a healthy diet.
Diet: the foods and beverages you consume.
Nutrient: any substance in food which can be used for energy, building tissue or
Essential: substances you must obtain from your diet
macronutrients: nutrients required in large amounts (protein, carbohydrate, lipids)
Micronutrients: nutrients required in small amounts (vitamins and minterals)
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
Published every 5 years with goals to promote health and prevent major
Top causes of death and disease are related to poor diet, physical
inactivity, and energy imbalance (taking in more calories than are burned.
Science-based advice for those > 2 years
Take home message-eat fewer calories, be more active, make wiser food
Consume wide variety of nutrient dense food – whole grains, frutis,
vegetables, legumes, lean protein
Limit intake of saturated and trans fat, cholesterol, salt, sugar, and alcohol
Balance calories from food and beverages with calories expended by
following eating patterns:
Food Guide Pyramid
Distinguishing between whole grains, refined, processed
foods, separting red meet from protein sources, and
emphasizing healthy fats.
DASH (dietary approaches to stop hypertension)
Men should limit to two drinks, women should limit to one
12 oz regular beer, 5 ounces of wine (12 percent alcohol, or
1.5 ounces of 80 proof distilled spirits.
Adopt regular physical activity
The healthy eating pyramid recognized the value of a daily multivitamin to make
up for dietary shortcomings and a daily calcium supplement, a nutrient most
Americans are lacking due to cultural food preferences, poor food choices, or
Only 3% of US population meets four of the five recommendations for the intake
of fruits, vegetables, grains, milk products, meat and bean food groups ¼ of adult
Americans and a 1/5 of all children consume te recommended serving of fruits