history final terms

history final terms - 1. 2. 3. 4. TERM ID FOR HIST FINAL...

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TERM ID FOR HIST FINAL 1. Ostpolitik- AFTER 1969 election which produced center-left coalition in West Germany. Literally meant a policy oriented to the east. Willy Brandt of West Germany sought to reduce tensions by accepting the division of Germany and the dominant Soviet role on its side of the European Cold War line. However, goal was not to freeze up status quo. He wanted to promote conditions that would lower political and military tensions and set in motion significant changes in the Eastern bloc. Measures promoted in pursuit of goal included high level exchanges with Soviet leaders, reduced military tensions between armed forces facing off across the Iron Curtain, and the promotion of cultural, economic, and technological exchanges. Brandt thought that as contacts multiplied and tensions diminished, prospects would increase for a loosened Soviet grip on its European allies and for closer links between E. and W. Germany. Approach bore fruit. Resulted in the signing of formal agreements with East Germany, Poland, and the USSR accepting postwar boundaries as legit and gained agreement for free movement of people between two German states. Because of this, West Germany became Soviets’ largest trading partner to West. Détente minded Nixon found Ostpolitik troubling despite Brandts insistence that he would maintain close ties to NATO and consult with the Americans. 2. Détente- 1969 onward A term meaning the easing of strained relations, between USSR an US in 1970’s. Thawing period. LESSENING OF COLD WAR TENSIONS. Built on earlier efforts to avoid superpower collision with accompanying nuclear risks. Superpowers agreed from 1969 onward to have greater dialogue, hold regular summit meetings, negotiate arms control and other bilateral agreements. Late 1970s- détente was under assault in the US even as it kept support from USSR and allies of US. Nixon- author of détente. Nixon increased talks and limited growth of US nuclear weapons and made cuts in military budget. Worked with Brezhnev. Built on two earlier steps toward bringing strategic nuclear arms race under control: 1963 ban on tests in atmosphere and 1968 agreement against proliferation of nuclear weapons. Major achievement: SALT I concluded in 1972- created stability, capped competition. Even before Nixon’s resignation in 1974 détente came under assault and domestic opposition would continue during Ford and Carter’s presidency’s. Carter engaged in flip flop: first continuing to reduce tensions with Salt II and then taking a more hard line stance 3. Intifada- December 1987 Uprising that began in the Gaza Strip and spread to the West Bank after an Israeli truck hit and killed a group of Palestinians. This was a campaign of resistance by Palestinians. The opening for the campaign was created by blows to the externally based PLO in the
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history final terms - 1. 2. 3. 4. TERM ID FOR HIST FINAL...

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