7431 - Improving child health in developing countries: the...

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  Improving child health in developing countries: the critical role of research Joanna Orne-Gliemann, Freddy Perez, Valériane Leroy, Marie-Louise Newell, François Dabis, Anna Coutsoudis, Hoosen Coovadia Institut de Santé Publique, d’Épidémiologie et de Développement, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France Institute of Child Health, University College, London, UK Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Natal, Durban, South Africa
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September 2002   Research in the field of child health is essential to: Evaluate existing activities and programmes, identify new interventions, define strategies and policies Estimate progress of child survival at national and international levels Context (1)
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September 2002   All causes Rank % of total Lower respiratory infections * Diarrhoeal diseases * Perinatal conditions * Unipolar major depression Ischaemic heart diseases Cerebrovascular diseases Tuberculosis Measles * Road-traffic accidents Congenital abnormalities* 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8.2 7.2 6.7 3.7 3.4 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.4 Context (2) => Child health in developing countries remains a public health priority Main causes of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) world-wide in 1990 * primarily or exclusively childhood diseases Source: WHO 1996
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September 2002   Objectives During the 1990 decade: Describe the main child health problems in developing countries and evaluate the progress of research to control and prevent them; Appreciate the research activities of the institutions involved in child health and compare them to selected national public health priorities; Identify the current research gaps and the constraints encountered in the implementation of research results.
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September 2002   Methods (1) Review of the literature (January 1990- June 2001) published literature (Medline) grey literature from : national and international institutions NGOs donors involved in the field of child health research Survey addressed to key stakeholders involved in child health in developing countries (February - June 2001)
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7431 - Improving child health in developing countries: the...

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