13191 - L IPS: INTERET DANS LES PAYS EN VOIE DE...

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Unformatted text preview: L IPS: INTERET DANS LES PAYS EN VOIE DE DEVELOPPEMENT Michle CAZAUBON pour Le rseau Francophone des Sciences Vasculair RECHERCHE LITTERATURE 460 REF. SUR EPIDEMIOLOGIE CV DANS LES PAYS EN VOIE DE DEVELOPPEMENT 5 10 15 20 25 30 2003 2020 NON T T EVOLUTION RELATIVE MALADIES NON TRANSMISSBLES/ MALADIES TRANSMISSIBLES World Heart Federation Ethn Dis 2003 ORGANISMES INTERNATIONAUX World Heart Federation 172 socits African Heart Network AHN Pan African Society of Cardiology PASCAR Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Cooper) Grand Challenge in Global Health (Bill Gates) Et MALADIES CARDIOVASCULAIRES Coronaires, carotides, vx.priphriques: mme physiopathologie = athro sclrose / athro thrombose Causes bien connues depuis FRAMINGHAM= accumulation de facteurs de risque cardio vasculaires Porte ouverte la prvention primaire Robson A et al. BMJ 2000 FACTEURS DE RISQUE CV MODIFIABLES TABAGISME DIABETE HTA DYSLIPIDEMIE OBESITE NON MODIFIABLES AGE HEREDITE FACTEURS DE RISQUE QUID DES FACTEURS DE RISQUE DANS LES PAYS EN VOIE DE DEVELOPPEMENT ? VIELLISSEMENT DES POPULATIONS DANS LES PVD > 65 ANS en Afrique sub saharienne: 19 millions actuellement 29 millions en 2015 = + 50% Entre Juillet 99 et Juillet 2000, 77% de laugmentation de lesprance de vie des sujets gs = PVD SMITH MENSAH Ethn Dis 2003 HTA DANS LES PAYS EN VOIE DE DEVELOPPEMENT RESEAU FRANCOPHONE DES SCIENCES VASCULAIRES ADVASE HO CHI MINH FEVRIER 2003 20 30 % HTA AU SENEGAL 50% SUJETS AVEC HTA VILLAGE DE THILOGNE V ARFI ANGEIOLOGIE 2001 Percent Hypertensive 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.40 N ig e ria C a m e ro o n J a m a ic a S t. L u c ia B a rb a d o s M a yw o o d 1 Hypertension defined as Systolic B lood Pressure > 140 or D iastolic B lood Pressure > 90 or taking A nti- hypertension...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course PHARM 290 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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13191 - L IPS: INTERET DANS LES PAYS EN VOIE DE...

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