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intrB07 - archaic homo

intrB07 - archaic homo - cohesiveness and the pair bond...

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Anthropology 100 Lecture Outline Archaic Homo Sapiens  1. Archaic Homo Sapiens - larger than erectus - technological changes included the use of tools made with the Levallois , or prepared core , method (also called Mousterian tools ) - involves preparing core and striking off flakes from it - Archaics show the first indications of the use of shelter, at sites like Terra Amata - some have suggested that this is the time of a switch from closed-call communications to open communications among hominids 2. Social organization among Archaic Homo Sapiens - organized in nomadic bands - probably used a sexual division of labor - some indications that precursors of marriage may have begun at this stage 3. Some evidence suggests that modern changes in reproductive patterns began in this period - these include the loss of estrus , as well as the development of menopause - the absence of estrus may have reflected the increasing importance of group
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Unformatted text preview: cohesiveness and the pair bond among early sapiens populations- menopause may reflect the increasing danger of birth as well as the importance of mothers in raising children to adulthood 4. One population of archaics came to be known as Neanderthal Man , and is often referred to as Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis (for photos of fossil, click here or here. )- climate change and the Würm glaciation Anthropology 100 Lecture Outline - Neanderthals responded to increasing cold of this period by adapting culture to cold-weather ecology, rather than retreating to warmer climes- there are a number of misconceptions about Neanderthals, who are often thought of as hunched, awkward, and stupid; in reality, they had some strong resemblances to contemporary humans, and they were in many ways very advanced- Neanderthal cultural innovations included burials, perhaps an early indication of religion...
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