intrB10 - arch methods

intrB10 - arch methods - - magnetometry surveys- aerial and...

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Anthropology 100 Lecture Outline Archaeology: Goals and Methods  1. Goals and evidence in archaeology - The purpose of archaeological investigation is to reconstruct culture, not to recover valuable or impressive artifacts - In many cases, the most valuable clues to the past are plain relics of everyday life - Most of these will be destroyed by the biological and geological forces that act on sites, leaving only a small and broken remainder for archaeological analysis 2. Finding a site: surveying - To find a site, archaeologists often begin with a pedestrian survey for visible clues - to find evidence of buried sites requires various kinds of remote sensing - electrical resistivity surveys
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Unformatted text preview: - magnetometry surveys- aerial and satellite photography- ecological indicators of sites 3. Deciding where to focus excavation involves sampling 5. Excavating and recording- Archaeologists must record the process of the dig in great detail, in order to reconstruct the site afterward- Excavation involves choices about what materials to keep and how to archive them 6. Reconstruction of the site involves drawing conclusions about what it originally looked like based on the excavated material- To do this, archaeologists may use ethnographic analogy and replication experiments- Attaching meaning to these reconstructions is a particularly difficult task, but an essential one...
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This note was uploaded on 02/23/2012 for the course ANTH 100 taught by Professor Idunno during the Spring '08 term at Purdue.

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