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Study Guide 1 - 2 - ID6. National minorities in China Han...

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ID6. National minorities in China Han Chinese—92 % of the population National minorities 8 % of the population Occupy 60% of China’s geographical expanse Inhabit almost all of the border areas (Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang Province) Stability and allegiance of the border areas are important for China’s national security CCP leaders suggested policies of getting rid of the minorities “feudal” customs Teaching children their native language was prohibited In the 1980s, Deng Ziaoping implemented more culturally sensitive policies to gain the loyalty of the national minorities Minority children are now taught their own language in schools alongside the national language Mandarin. China’s central government had to tighten up security in Xinjiang and Tibet by the late1980s Tibet Dalai Lama is the most important spiritual leader of the Tibetans Strives for autonomy, and asserts that more Tibetan control over their own affairs is necessary to protect their culture from extinction. The major threat to Tibetan culture comes from highly successful Chinese entrepreneurs who have taken over many of the commercial and entrepreneurial activities of Tibet Tibetans want Chinese technology and commercial goods, but not the values that come with the people providing those goods and technology Young people are more likely to want to become part of the modern world and leave behind traditional culture and values In 1996, Beijing admitted that there were isolated bombing incidents and violent clashes between anti-Chinese Tibetans and Chinese authorities In the late 1990s, China decided to restore many of the Tibet’s monasteries in part to attract tourist China also made it far easier for foreigners to travel to Tibet In 2005, a new highway connecting Tibet with the rest of China was completed Tibet now receives more financial aid from the central Chinese government than any other province or autonomous region in China; however, it still remains China’s poorest administrative area Disastrous centrally-conceived policies, a bloated administrative structure, a large Chinese military presence to house and feed Much of the recent anger in Tibet against China’s central government arose from Beijing’s decision in 1995 not to accept the Tibetan Buddhists’ choice of a young boy as the reincarnation of the former Panchen Lama, the second-most important spiritual leader of Tibetans Inner Mongolia An autonomous region under Beijing’s control; independent state Beijing’s concern that the Mongolians in China would want to unite with Mongolia led to a policy that diluted the Mongol population with Han Chinese Inner Mongolia’s capital, Huhhot, is essentially a Han city Mongolians are dispersed throughout the vast countryside as shepherds, herdsmen, and farmers and retain many of their ethnic traditions and practices
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With the Islamic minorities, China’s leadership worries that the Mongols in Inner
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Study Guide 1 - 2 - ID6. National minorities in China Han...

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